Impact of greek and roman civilization

Keywords: greek civilization effect, roman civilization, greek roman culture


There is no historic history without the mention of Greek and Roman civilizations. Ancient civilization was the main history that formed the foundation of the world we realize today. Many people would ask why Greek and Roman civilizations became so popular in the world. In Western traditions and identity, Greeks occupy an extremely prominent place in conception. The Greeks have manufactured generations of influential writers and scholars especially because of their Hellenic lifestyle. Roman civilization on the other hand was founded in 800BC on an Italian peninsular (Spielvogel, 2008). Roman civilization, that is a mighty empire, started out as a monarchy and then shifted to a republic before turning out to be an empire. A lot of ancient Rome customs got inspiration from old Greece (Mahaffy, 2009).

Collins Randal in the publication "The sociology of philosophies: a worldwide theory of intellectual switch" points out that "traditions begets itself". He highlights that culture is certainly autonomous and that way of life explains its changes, terms and forms (pg 9). Collins points out that, culture beliefs such as for example religion, ethnic consciousness and political ideologies are not correlated with interpersonal variables such as class. Collins says that intellectual activity is basis of intellectual communities. The many aspects that make up intellectual activities include religion, social knowledge and intellectual networks.


Greeks and Roman are intellectual communities that thought in religious beliefs. Greeks believed that faith was important because it manufactured their lives better. They thought in lots of gods and goddesses (polytheistic).They believed that gods would care for them both when they were living so when they died. The Greeks believed that their gods and goddesses had been extremely powerful that they handled everything from the champion of a race to waves in the sea (Mahaffy, 2009). Each god or goddess had one or two specific functions they performed and controlled in life. The Greeks built amazing temples for their gods where they employed to go pray, worship and provide sacrifices in type of animals. The Greeks well prepared festivals honoring the gods whereby they sacrificed animals as gifts to their gods. The Greeks manufactured large festivals that included a feast with music, plays and dancing after which they paraded and made sacrifices. An example of a Greek goddess is definitely Athena (goddess of wisdom and war). A temple referred to as Parthenon, created for the goddess stands to time.

The Greeks believed that Mount Olympus was where all their gods and goddesses lived. Examples of a few of the gods the Greeks worshipped and their certain roles include Zeus-supreme head of the Gods, Hermes-messenger of the gods and Poseidon- god of the sea. Collins stated that one of the intellectual activities associated with religion is providing intellectual rituals (pg 28).Greeks revealed their solidarity through spiritual ritual of pet sacrifices and festivities.

The Romans afterwards worshipped the same gods as Greeks but under different labels (Guaitoli, 2006). The Greeks cannot worship at the temple just but there have been holy sites referred to as "oracles". The Greeks thought their gods used signs in nature to answer their queries. They employed their priests to inquire their question and pay attention to the answers through signs.

Romans exactly like Greeks believed in religious beliefs and attached superb importance to it. Similar to the Greeks, they were polytheistic, they thought that their gods had been accountable for their creation and managed their lives. Romans categorized religion directly into state religion and home religion (Spielvogel, 2008).Household religion included worshipping the gods that covered the friends and family and house. Roman residences contained a sacred place regarded as altar where every family group prayed to the gods every morning. Just like the Greeks, The Romans believed in gods and goddess that they thought controlled everything in life from killing for food to falling in love.

Just just like the Greeks, Romans honored their gods and goddesses by building grand temples. In addition they offered pet sacrifices to the gods and provided them presents that they imagined would please them. They thought that if the gods were pleased with them, they would in exchange receive all the best but if they were angry with them, something would go wrong.

Political organizations in Greek and Roman Civilization

City-states divided Old Greece with Athens as the most significant city-state (Liberati& Bourbon2002). City-states were many tiny areas sub-dividing the status. The mountainous ecology of Old Greece separated the city-states rendering it very difficult to visit from one city-state to another. Everyone believed that their city-state was much better than the other was although each of them worshipped the same gods and possessed similar traditions. Primarily a few wealthy guys ruled the city-states before a government system was introduced.

Each city-state had its own authorities who ruled through democracy. The democratic authorities allowed people to rule and also to vote because of their leaders. Athens subdivided their people directly into three classes; the top class that consisted of male residents born in Athens, middle class contains male citizens not born in Athens while the lower class contains slaves. Voting in old Greece took place in public areas assemblies and only males born in Athens voted. The upper school group discussed the laws and regulations that benefited old Greece but not the center class or lower class.

Ancient Rome was an empire that possessed emperors as the leaders. Just like Greece, a government headed by an emperor ruled Rome. The power of the government in Rome was well balanced between three branches; the executive, the legislative and the judicial (Guaitoli, 2006).The executive branch consisted of two leaders (consuls), elected by the upper class to serve for one year. Their function was to buy Roman army during wars and supervise the senate. Mayors, tax collectors, city police among other testmyprep top-notch person in towns formed portion of executive branch.

The senate consisting 300 male residents who owned the land produced the legislative branch. The men appointed by the consuls controlled the consuls by showing them how much to invest and on what activities. The judicial branch consisted of six judges that chosen the punishments the criminals would obtain. The judges’ elections happened after every 2 yrs (Guaitoli, 2006).In Rome only adults had authorization to vote and just like the Greek system, males who owned the terrain could only do amendment or criticize regulation.

Role of Males and females in Greek and Roman Civilization

Men, women and kids had different roles and tasks in Greek and Roman traditions. In Greek culture, vgr 100 price. men wore special clothes referred to as ‘chitons’. Chitons showed the man status in the world specifically through the decoration. The guys mostly worked as farmers or businesspersons throughout the day and demanded great value while in the home. Men were the ones in charge of the house and the family. Females and children in Greek culture didn’t take in in the same area as males. The slaves fed and entertained men during dinner as they lay on couches.

Women alternatively weren’t given much responsibility, these were not allowed to go to Olympics, visit the city or even eat or sleep in the same bedroom as men. Their work was to run the household, have children and take care of the slaves if they were rich and if certainly not work the fields.

In the Roman way of life, men wore clothes known as ‘togas’. The habits and color of a man’s ‘togas’ showed what his position was in the culture. Men in Roman culture were the masters of the friends and family and the house. They worked during the day and socialize with different men in the afternoon and evenings. Guys in Roman lifestyle had different roles based on whether you were wealthy or poor. The person main role was to provide for his family. Ladies on the other hand took care of family members and children. Ladies in Roman culture weren’t too restricted as some could keep jobs such as for example teaching.

Comparing Religious beliefs how to write an autobiography essay and impress readers and Political Establishments in Greece and Rome

Greeks and Romans portrayed various similarities in their religious beliefs beliefs and rituals. Both cultures were polytheistic, believing in lots of gods and goddesses. Both cultures as well believed that the gods and goddesses managed everything in existence from creation, their lives and everything that continues on. Greeks and Romans thought their products were very powerful and that they gods took care of these both when they were living so when they passed away. Both Greeks and Romans believed in intellectual activity of religious rituals. Both cultures honored their gods and goddesses by providing animal sacrifices. Both Greeks and Romans created delightful temples where they used to pray and provide sacrifices with their gods and goddesses. Both cultures believed that the gods answered their prayers through nature’s indicators. Roman believed that gods would present a sign if they were happy and they were unhappy something undesirable would happen. Both cultures possessed many gods and goddesses with each god or goddess having a specific part to play or a particular destination to control.

Despite having so many similarity in the religious beliefs, Greeks and Romans likewise have some differences in their spiritual beliefs. Although both cultures thought in gods and goddesses, that they had named them differently. Greeks thought that their gods and goddesses live on Mount Olives (Sansone, 2004) whereas Romans did not have a particular place where all their gods and goddesses lived. Greeks religion was not classified while Roman classified their faith as either state area or household faith. Greeks possessed set-up holy sites referred to as ‘oracles’ where they utilized to pray in, while Roman provides set places within their houses referred to as ‘altars’ where they employed to pray at as a family group.

Greeks and Roman civilizations were similar in the manner their political organizations were produced. They both believed in a government system of ruling. Both Greeks and Romans voted because of their leader who was the head of the government. Both cultures regarded the higher class males’ residents by birth as the only significant people in legislation making and amendment. In both cultures, women weren’t permitted to vote and only parents who acquired attained the legal age group (18 years) could vote.

The dissimilarities in political organizations included issues like the Greeks thought in democracy as the Romans it depended on the political leaders chosen. The Roman government contains three branches, the executive, the legislature and the judiciary while the Greek government all persons ruled. Greece possessed subdivision called city-states with each city-state featuring its own federal government while Rome there was only one government with three branches that rules the land.


Roman and Greek civilization form part of ancient history of the community. They both greatly influenced the Western tradition as a number of the beliefs and customs followed today got motivation from them. When we compare both cultures to the Collins theories of intellectual activity, it really is evident that the two cultures were rich in culture intelligence. They had deep respect in religious beliefs and rituals that brought them jointly socially (Collins, 2000 pg 28). The social problems both cultures exhibit is usually division directly into classes only men who are citizens by birth are permitted to vote. Women are not mentioned anywhere in any political decisions showing gender biasness. Just as most historians suggest, Greek tradition highly influenced Roman customs. In terms of religion and political institutions, both cultures can be classified as ‘socially intelligent’ despite of social division and gender inequality.

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